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DIALOGUE OF SPIRITUAL LEADERS OF WORLD AND TRADITIONAL RELIGIONS IN ASTANA: MODERN CONTEXT

Organizers:

CONGRESS OF THE LEADERS OF WORLD AND TRADITIONAL RELIGIONS The Agency for Religious Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Eurasian Economic Club of Scientists  

Relevance:

As it is known the modern international community is living through a transformation of the system of values, due to the modernization of the social and economic life. 

Goals:

Astana Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions, which was first held in 2003, has made an important initiative in the process of dialogue between civilizations and cultures of the new millennium. 

Key issues:

▪ Interreligious dialogue as a global strategy of humanity. ▪ The role and importance of interreligious dialogue in the political arrangement of the modern world. ▪ The dialogue of Religious Leaders of World and Traditional Religions as historical and theoretical paradigm. ▪ Ways and mechanisms of institutionalization of interreligious dialogue at the example of the Astana Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions. ▪ The historic mission of the Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions. * Experience of Kazakhstan in the construction of nationhood based on the concept of "unity in diversity".  

As it is known the modern international community is living through a transformation of the system of values, due to the modernization of the social and economic life.

The globalization of trade, economic and political relations in the world of globalization is accompanied by challenges that humanity is facing in everyday life. This seemingly beaten notion of "modern challenges and threats," includes wide list of questions that need serious thinking and analysis. They need to seriously engage as directly affecting challenges of today's human being and society, in particular - the cultural, spiritual and family values, ideals of life and landmarks, well-being and safety.

Practice shows that one of the factors of voltage and current conflicts in the world is the lack of proper mutual understanding between representatives the different communities belonging to different religions, confessions and cultures.

Precisely in the absence of a constructive and respectful mutual understanding is covered nature of religious conflicts, such as the cartoon scandal, inter-communal clashes, the insult of places of worship and burial artificially fueled by the fear of migrants and members of other religions, as well as opposition, refusing to understand the value of a spiritual order of another individual. Nothing, unfortunately, does not diminish the threat of religious extremism and terrorism, whose clothed under the holy ideals of religious ideology is sowing the seeds of discord and mistrust between people, trying to capture the minds and influence the mood of citizens in different parts of our planet.       

In view of rising conflicts and collisions on inter-religious and intercultural soil and also due to the fact that these issues have become global, the world is now actively exploring the essence of the factors of this problem and looking for ways to solve it.

It is well known that the dialogue between the various forms of religious outlook in all historical times invariably evoked special interest. But more important to this process began to attach in XX century. So, for example, throughout the XX century Christian confessions engaged in dialogue, both among themselves and with other religions.

Precisely in XX century, members of different religions have begun their journey to dialogue and joint action, because it became obvious and clear that the forced settlement of outstanding philosophical questions today practically not only unacceptable, but also dangerous.

The dialogue of religions, dialogue of leaders of world and traditional religions is one of the basic elements of the dialogue of civilizations.

The importance of dialogue is predetermined by the fact that the value orientation and the spiritual world of human civilization is largely determined by the installations and codes laid down in this or that religion.

Dialogue as a setting for communication and contacts between cultures and civilizations requires its members not only to upholding his own position, but also the ability to take not let someone else's point of view, but to recognize the right to it. Such a dialogue of religions, as opposed to the trend of globalization, can and will help to improve the mutual understanding of processes in the world, as well as the conservation of the identity and core values ​​of every civilization, every culture.

Definitely, the dialogue of religions requires the development in interstate, regional and global scales because of the level of mutual understanding and respect for the spiritual, including - religious traditions partners depends largely on the resolution of both regional and planetary contradictions and conflicts.

Kazakhstan was one of the first subjects of international law, assumed responsibility and in practice started to deal with the promotion of dialogue between the leaders of various world and traditional religions and confession.

A prime example and an excellent example of interreligious and interconfessional dialogue serves Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions convened on the initiative of the secular state - the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev.

A significant event should consider the fact that Kazakhstan was the first in the history of our time engaged in the promotion interreligious and intercivilizational dialogue, and now other countries and blocs are also seeking to contribute to this noble endeavor.

Astana Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions, which was first held in 2003, has made an important initiative in the process of dialogue between civilizations and cultures of the new millennium.

Peace initiative of Kazakhstan to convene interreligious dialogue for multilateral summit of religious leaders and the use of collective solutions to reduce tensions in the world is universally recognized and widely supported by all states and blocs, becoming appropriate and proactive response to the challenges and threats of the modern globalized world.

Thanks to the efficient operation of the Congress of leaders of world and traditional religions, leaders of different confessional beliefs and religious communities from all over the world for already ten years have the opportunity to collectively and jointly discuss the pressing issues of our time together to seek the best solutions to the problems facing almost all mankind .

Historically it happens so the religious leaders have played an important role in strengthening the harmony and concord in their societies. The current situation in the world is such that religious leaders must unite in order to strengthen cooperation for the sustainable development of the peace and security of all people. Motivated by this noble idea of ​​all world and traditional religions become more united, they work for the strengthening of international security, in solidarity oppose the use of religion as an excuse to commit crimes against humanity.

It is important that religious leaders are not only in its own name but on behalf of the faithful.

Thus, due to the authority and the personal efforts of religious leaders among the people in the societies of the world and reached agreement that provides further progressive and sustainable development of civilizations, cultures and peoples.

Throughout the first decade of the XXI century, the leaders of world and traditional religions in the First Congress in 2003, at the Second Congress in 2006, the Third Congress in 2009,  the Third Congress in 2012 and the Fourth Congress in 2015 gave great importance to the issues of strengthening international security and to build a world based on tolerance and solidarity, promote the theme of constructive interaction between different religions, cultures and civilizations, the cultivation of mutual respect and understanding, including - through the implementation of interreligious and interconfessional dialogue.

The Congress of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions differ a tradition of meaningful and useful participation in the work of authoritative representatives of various faiths and politicians seeking to strengthen the solid foundations of the world's morality, approval of a truly spiritual and social guidelines, a fruitful dialogue between religions and states on the most important issues being modern humanity.

The final documents of the Congress participants Astana spiritual leaders in the format of the declarations and appeals become important promises of higher hierarchy, correspond to the global community.

In general, the Congress as a platform for dialogue of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions has now become truly one of the most effective engine of the global process of interpenetration of the spiritual and moral values, preaching and taking root in the minds of people and communities, the greatest ideals of world and traditional religions of mankind.

 

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