A need in development and implementation of a new quality management and flight operations safety management systems concept, dictated by changed conditions in civil aviation as one of the major transport infrastructures.
The Civil Aviation’s priority task is flight safety promotion in airborne transportations of passengers, baggage, mail and freight. Aviation incidents, as shown by researches, can be prevented by acceptance of adequate constructive measures, and, perspective ways of flight safety system enhancement can be found within theory and practice of Quality Management and Flight operations Safety Management Systems application, as recommended by ICAO. Quality and flight safety assurance problems are complex and require systematic approach to problem solving.
Flight Operation Safety Management System
Quality Management System
Integration of Quality Management and Flight operations Safety Management Systems
State Program for flight safety
Flight Safety Program Quality Management
Aviation accident and incident Investigation
Global Air Navigation Plan
In recent years considerable efforts were devoted to study of aviation incident causes. It is generally admitted fact that the majority of incidents is caused by human factor, that is the last link in a chain of factors which lead to an incident. Aviation incidents are also often caused by institutional factors. The majority of links in a chain of the events and factors, that lead to accidents, are manageable.
In the aftermath of advanced development trend researches of airborne transportation and aviation industry, The International Civil Aviation Organization
arrived at the conclusion that the most efficient way of flight safety improvement is systematic approach implementation to flight safety management. The research effort led to introduction of significant amendments in binding international standards, stipulated by Annexes 6, 11 and 14 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (hereinafter – international standards).
International standards provide establishment of the acceptable flight safety level by a state as to operation of air vehicles, when servicing air traffic and operating airfields. It also provides State Program for flight safety adoption for the purpose of ensuring the specified safety level.
Within realization of such program, the states shall establish requirements for the airlines, airports, air vehicles maintenance and air traffic servicing organizations, on implementation of acceptable for the state flight operation management system with the view of:
- identification of risk to the flight safety;
- corrective actions to maintain acceptable level of flight safety;
- constant monitoring and regular assessment of the current level of flight safety;
- constant improvement of general flight safety level.
International standards also make provision for the need of clear establishment of hierarchy of responsibility concerning flight safety issues in airlines and organizations, including direct responsibility of the top management for flight safety.
Flight safety is inseparably linked with quality. Aviation imposes the most strict requirements to safety and the most strict quality standards. The main goal of quality assurance system establishment at an aviation enterprise is an achievement of required results while observing national and international standards of civil aviation.
Initial prerequisites of implementation of a quality management system in civil aviation are:
- standardization of requirements in the field of civil aviation security;
- maintaining balance of authorized bodies, civil aviation organizations and consumers of aviation industry services interests;
- certification and mutual recognition of certificates;
- creation of conditions for consolidation and integration of civil aviation organizations into the world airspace.
When making decisions on flight safety issues at a present stage of civil aviation development in Kazakhstan it is necessary to consider the foreseen growth of traffic volumes, mass updating of air fleet, aviation specialists generation change, and also consider a tendency of integration of the national aviation into world economy. Thus, Kazakhstan quality management and flight operations safety management systems shall be harmonized with the similar foreign systems allowing performance of transition to the new quality level of aviation technology and preparation of aeronautical personnel for its safe operation.