President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev, speaking at the 70th session of the UN General Assembly September 27, 2015, called for rallying around the idea of “Great Eurasia”. It is supposed to bring together in a single integration project of the XXI century the Eurasian Economic Union, the Economic Belt of the Silk Road and the European Union.
As part of this idea the international team of scientists from Kazakhstan, Russia and China began in 2015 to study the best possible options multimodal Eurasian transit through the territory of Kazakhstan and by the end of the year there were the first results.
Eurasian transit through the territory of Kazakhstan and the Russia is by the land, in order to be competitive to southern sea lanes passage through the Suez Canal, Russia and Kazakhstan should increase the share of low-cost water transport transit, which is possible only with the completion of the “Eurasia “Channel”, which connects the Caspian Sea with the Azov-Black Sea basin. Presentations at the panel session will be devoted to scientific rationale of new arguments for the construction of the channel.
Due to the acute shortage of fresh water in Kazakhstan it is necessary to develop a strategy for the rational use of surface and ground water to ensure water security in Astana and other regions of the country through the construction of Trans-Kazakhstan channel “Irtysh-Syrdarya’.