INTERNET SLANG AND ITS INFLUENCE ON ENGLISH LANGUAGE
Yermakhanbet Z.U. – student of the group 126-38
Academic adviser: Taiteliyeva M.A. – senior teacher
South Kazakhstan State Pedagogical University
Бұл мақалада интернет жаргондары, оның түрлері және оның ағылшын тіліне тигізетін әсері қарастырылады.
В этой статье рассматриваются сетевые сленги и его влияние на английскую речь.
Slang is vocabulary that is used between people who belong to the same social group and who know each other well. Slang normally refers to particular words and meanings but can include longer expressions and idioms . It is usually used in speaking rather than writing and popular in a lot of countries. In Kazakh language slang is called in another way – jargon. Jargon is also very informal type of language.
Nowadays, there are different types of abbreviations, punctuation marks, spelling changes, grammatical and spelling mistakes, various icons which are mostly used by teenagers and students on the worldwide web. Not only in english-speaking countries or Kazakhstan, slang has affected on the spoken and written language of many countries. That is indisputably for the reason that the Internet has radically changed global communication.
When we look at the modern virtual space or while reading and writing messages, emails as well as commentaries on social medias, there can be easily observed a big turnover in the type of transmission of information. People always want to get an instant access to everywhere, so the way we communicate has also been changed.
Youth identity is expressed by youth language which is very dynamic, and most words, structures and the ways of expression is clear only for the youth or even separate youth subcultures. Speech is a special form of reflecting reality which constantly change and modify along with changes in society, cultural and moral values. That is the reason why youth discourse is a very specific, delicate and difficult matter for research due to its non-constant status. Youth discourse reflects unstable cultural and linguistic state of a society at the junction of literary language and jargon. In different periods of the history separate communities of people were united by common interests, and most of all by the consciousness of brotherhood and alienation from the rest of society. Those communities invented their own special ways of verbal and written communication. It was important not to be understood by outsiders, and hence there appeared various techniques of encryption such as metaphors, transferred meanings of words.
The linguists are increasingly studying its influence on language, because the Internet is now an integral part of contemporary life. With the existence of greater computer/Internet mediated communication systems, coupled with the readiness with which people adapt to meet the new demands of a more technologically sophisticated world, it is expected that users will continue to remain under pressure to alter their language use to suit the new dimensions of communication. As the number of Internet users increases rapidly around the world, the cultural background, linguistic habits and language differences among users are brought into the Web at a much faster pace. These individual differences among the Internet users will significantly impact the future of Internet linguistics, notably in the aspect of the multilingual web. The emergence of a new branch of an academic discipline does not take place very often, but the arrival of the Internet has had such an impact on language that the time is right to recognize and explore the scope of putative Internet linguistics. The latter may be observed as the synchronic analysis of language in all areas of Internet activity including 21 email, the various kinds of chatroom and games interaction, instant messaging, SMS messaging (texting), Web pages and other associated areas of computer-mediated communication (CMC). The speed of change in the past two decades has been such that it is possible to see a diachronic dimension to this subject as well. The Internet allows us to follow language change in vocabulary, grammar, spelling and pronunciation.
Time-saving online abbreviations like LOL, OMG, and IMHO are now part of the official English language. The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) announced the addition of several acronyms to its dictionary, adding some interesting trivia behind the origins of these Internet associated expressions. OED explained that although "initialisms" like OMG (Oh My God), LOL (Laughing Out Loud) and IMHO (In My Humble/Honest Opinion) are strongly associated with the language of electronic communications, their origins are surprisingly predating the Internet era . Types of slang Internet slang does not constitute a homogeneous language variety. Rather, it differs according to the user and type of Internet situation. Coming straight from SMS language, this is a way of replacing entire words or bits of words by their phonetic equivalent embodied into single letters or figures. Here are some examples: 2: too, 4: for, 2moro: tomorrow, 4u: for you, gr8: great, 2nite: tonight, 10q: thank you, da: the, u: you, 10x: thanks, y: why.
An abbreviation is a shortening of a word, for example "CU" or "CYA" for "see you (see ya)". An acronym, on the other hand, is a subset of abbreviations and is formed from the initial components of a word. Examples of common acronyms include "LOL" for "laugh out loud" or "lots of love" and 25 "BTW" for "by the way". There are also combinations of both, like "CUL8R" for "see you later". Punctuation, capitalizations and other symbols Such features are commonly used for emphasis or stress. Periods or exclamation marks may be used repeatedly for emphasis, such as "........" or "!!!!!!!!!!". Grammatical punctuation rules are also relaxed on the Internet. "E-mail" may simply be expressed as "email", and apostrophes can be dropped so that "John's book" becomes "johns book". Examples of capitalizations include "STOP IT", which can convey a stronger emotion of annoyance as opposed to "stop it". Bold, underline and italics are also widely used to indicate stress. Onomatopoeic spellings have also become popularized on the Internet. One well known example is "hahaha" to indicate "laughter". Onomatopoeic spellings are very language specific. For instance, in Spanish, laughter will be spelt as "jajaja" instead. Deliberate misspellings, such as "sauce" for "source", are also used. Leet Leetspeak, or 1337, is an alternative alphabet for the English language which uses various combinations of ASCII characters to replace Latinate letters. For example, Wikipedia may be expressed as "w1k1p3d14". It originated from computer hacking, but its use has been extended to online gaming as well. Clipping, a common means of reducing or shortening words without changing their meaning, is another common linguistic means of word formation found on the computer and telephone mediated communication. Some frequently used examples are: advertisement – ad, examination – exam, telephone – phone, website – site, photograph – photo, statistics – stats, hamburger – burger, graduate – grad, teenager – teen.
Today there is a widespread belief among many linguists that the Internet has a negative influence on the future of language, and that it would lead to a degradation of standard. Some would even attribute any declination of standard formal English to the increase in usage of electronic communication. There was great condemnation of this style by the mass media as well as educationists, who expressed that this showed diminishing literacy or linguistic abilities. On the other hand, descriptivists have counter-argued that the Internet allows better expressions of a language. Rather than established linguistic conventions, linguistic choices sometimes reflect personal taste. It has also been suggested that, as opposed to intentionally flouting language conventions, Internet slang is a result of a lack of motivation to monitor speech online. Using and spreading Internet slang also adds on to the cultural currency of a language. While the Internet's use of language might further change rapidly over the next few years, educators need to ensure that students maintain an academic understanding of the use and rules of language. One of the most significant things that should happen in relation to the Internet is that both children and adults should be taught to manage it.
Now is the time of smartphones and electronic gadgets. People are on average online for 24 hours a week, twice as long as 10 years ago. So from another point it is very normal that we use slang while writing and speaking too.
The distinctiveness of the youth slang is that it is based on the realities of young people. As a result of the knowledge of this specific language, the teenagers consider themselves to be members of some closed society. To make jargon is widely spread among youth generation because they want to be independent by making their own language.
Although not everything is suitable in slang, it makes English language more facetious, creative and flexible.
- Cambridge University Press. Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary.
- Andersson, L.G. and P. Truddgill. Bad language.
- BBC News. The Secret of Slang.
Third New International Dictionary, Publisher: Merriam-Webster.