№ 8 M.Kh. Dulati specialized gymnazium with theelingual learning, Shymkent, Kazakhstan.
South Kazakhstan state pedagogical University, Shymkent, Kazakhstan.
Бұл мақалада біздің еліміз Қазақстанның өміріндегі ағылшын тілінің орыны, жастардың осы тілді білу қажеттілігі тұралы жазылған.
В данной статье рассматривается вопрос о роли английского языка в жизни Казахстана и необходимости изучения и знания языка.
“Kazakhstan must be perceived in the world as a
highly educated country whose population can use
three languages. They are Kazakh asthe national
language, Russian as the language of interethnic
communication and English as the language
of successful integration in the global economy.”
The knowledge of English has become an objective social need because for millions of people the English language is now a tool of their Trade. Businessmen, tradesmen, engineers, scientists and scholars all over the world must know English because it is the international means of exchanging information and experience.
There are many reasons why we study English. “If we want to be among the 50 highly developed countries, all citizens should speak three languages freely: Kazakh, Russian, and English.” – said the president N. Nazarbayev. Now, in a period when we are reconstructing our economy, when there are many joint ventures with foreign companies operating in our country, we need a number of specialists who know foreign languages. If you know English, you can communicate (personally or in writing) with others who use this language.
As Kazakhstan is on a way of active integration to the world community a special value is given to English language, the language of the international cooperation. President of Republic of Kazakhstan pays a great attention to education and especially to vital importance for the acquisition of English language in his annual messages to the people of Kazakhstan: “Kazakhstani future generation should know three languages: Kazakh, Russian and English as an international language”.
English is the international language all over the world. And there are several results of it. The first is that English is the language of international air traffic control, and is currently developing its role in international maritime, policing, and emergency services. The second is that English is the chief language of international business and academic conferences, and the leading language of international tourism. And finally is that it is the main language of popular music, advertising, satellite broadcasting, home computers, and video games. I think English plays an important role in our life not only because that it helps to communicate with people from other countries but also because it helps to know more about other cultures, traditions and habits. A new project called ”Trinity of Languages”, with an ultimate view to making the country trilingual in the state language of Kazakh, in Russian, «the language of inter-ethnic communication,» and in English, «the language of successful integration into the global economy» was proposed by the President.
Kazakhstan is developing foreign relations which are primarily based on economic and political security. Kazakhstan is a member of the United Nations, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (which it chaired in 2010), North Atlantic Cooperation Council, Commonwealth of Independent States, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and NATO's Partnership for Peace program. Kazakhstan established a customs union with Russia and Belarus. It will be transformed into the Common Economic Space in 2012. Kazakhstan established the Eurasian Economic Community with Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.
Many educational institutions which offer excellent programmes for teaching English gradually appeared in Kazakhstan. Now it is a number of prestigious higher educational institutions like Kazakh British technical University,
Kazakh American University, Suleyman Demirel University and Nazarbayev University which has opened recently. In the sphere of secondary education it is
the Kazakh -Turkish lyceums opened by Kazakh -Turkish educational fund (KATEV). Knowledge of English opens a window to a large global world with the huge flow of information and innovation. Mastering a foreign language makes it possible to study abroad in the best universities of the world and creates the opportunity for practical experience in the leading countries of the world.
Knowledge of English is a requirement for networking and doing business. Every year a number of foreign firms and companies are opening in Kazakhstan.
Accordingly, we need employees who speak English competently, who is able not
only to read a business letter, but for conversation and negotiations.
We think English plays an important role in our life not only because that it helps to communicate with people from other countries but also because it helps to know more about other cultures, traditions and habits.
The first reason for why English should be the medium of instruction at universities in Kazakhstan is that it helps students find a high quality jobs for students to find. In business life, the most important common language is obviously English. In addition to this, especially, high-quality jobs need good understanding ability and speaking in English. Therefore, companies can easily open out to other countries, and these companies generally employ graduates whose English is fluent and orderly. For example, the student who is graduated from a university which takes English as a major language will find a better or high-quality job than other students who don’t know English adequately. In other words, the student who knows English is able to be more efficient in his job because he can use the information from foreign sources and web sites. He can prepare his assignments and tasks with the help of this information.
The second and the most important reason, for English to be the medium of instruction in the Kazakhstan higher education system is that it enables students to communicate with the international world. Тhe most important thing for both university students and graduates is to follow the development in technology. For this reason, they have to learn common language. Certainly, they should not lose their interest on communicating with the world. However, some of the university students can’t obtain English education in their university. To prevent these people from lacking of speaking English, universities’ administration will provide English education to them. University students can use some specific hardware and software of computers with their English to communicate others. For example, the Internet, which, in our opinion, is the largest source in the world, based on English knowledge and information. Also, most of the softwares such as “Windows”, “Microsoft Office”, “Internet Explorer” are firstly written in English, and these programs are the basic vital things for communication over computer. In research about something, they need these programs and the Internet to find necessary sources and information.
The last reason for favoring English as the medium of instruction of Kazakhstan universities is that it facilitates accessing information. All of the students have to do some projects or homework which are related with their field during the university education. In these projects or homework, they have to find some information which is connected with their subject. They find sources from English web sites and books, but they have to replace these data to their projects. During these process, if they know English, they will not come across with any difficulty, but if they don’t know, even they may not use these data. As a result, the student who knows English will be more successful at his project. For this reason, to obstruct possible inequity between students, management of universities should accept English as a second language in order to provide accessing information to the students. In short, university students need to know English to access information.
In conclusion we want to summarize that the education in universities should be done with English for three reasons. First, students who know English are able to find their favorite job related with their field. Second, they can communicate with others internationally. Third, English makes accessing information easy for students. For many years English has been the common world-wide language, and it will be in the future. For this reason, if you want to follow trends, new gadgets and technology, modernization of the developing world, you have to know English. Knowledge of English opens a way to a large global world with the huge flow of information and innovation. Mastering a foreign language makes it possible to study abroad in the best universities of the world and creates the opportunity for practical experience in the leading countries of the world. Everything in this world is possible, the main thing - it is a strong desire and a belief in their own strength. The English proverb: "When there is a will, there is a way»
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